The effects of CBD are done by the endocannabinoid system (ECS). This system is part of the human internal communication system. A vast and complex network aimed at helping the body regulate itself and maintain homeostasis. ECS has receptors able to bind with cannabinoids in practically every cell in the human body. The central nervous system (CNS), meaning the brain and spinal cord are extremely rich in these receptors, making the them very receptive and responsive to cannabinoids. When activated, the ECS has the ability to either up regulate or inhibit certain cellular activities, such as inflammation, metabolism, thermoregulation, cellular regeneration, and immune functions.
There are several theories on how CBD interacts with ECS, these include blocking of cellular pathways, inhibiting enzyme activity, and through secondary cascades. Although scientists are still discovering how CBD works, it has been shown to be beneficial and effective in many conditions via secondary mechanisms. These include Alzheimer’s, epilepsy, obesity, insomnia, neuropathy, psoriasis, eczema, inflammatory bowel diseases and many more .